Endnotes

1. Roald Dahl, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (New York:  Alfred A. Knopf, 1964), 36-37.

2. Joseph Gustaitis, “The sticky history of chewing gum,” American History 33, no. 4 (October 1998): 30.

3. Louis Werner, “Unwrapping the History Chewing Gum,” Americas 62, no. 5 (September 2010):  36.

4. Jennifer P. Matthews, Chicle:  The Chewing Gum of the Americas, From the Ancient Maya to William Wrigley (Tucson:  University of Arizona Press, 2009), 9.

5. Michael Redclift, Chewing Gum:  The Fortunes of Taste (New York:  Routledge, 2004), 27.

6. Joseph Gustaitis, “The sticky history of chewing gum,” American History 33, no. 4 (October 1998): 30.

7. Jennifer P. Matthews, Chicle:  The Chewing Gum of the Americas, From the Ancient Maya to William Wrigley, 38.

8. Joseph Gustaitis, “The sticky history of chewing gum.”

9. Jennifer P. Matthews, Chicle:  The Chewing Gum of the Americas, From the Ancient Maya to William Wrigley, 39.

10. Ibid, 41.

11. Ibid, 42.

12. Michael Redclift, Chewing Gum:  The Fortunes of Taste, 27.

13. Louis Werner, “Unwrapping the History of Chewing Gum,” 39.  

14. Jennifer P. Matthews, Chicle:  The Chewing Gum of the Americas, From the Ancient Maya to William Wrigley, 45.

15. Michael Redclift, Chewing Gum:  The Fortunes of Taste, 40.

16. Daniel J. Robinson, “Marketing Gum, Making Meanings:  Wrigley in North America, 1890-1930,” Enterprise & Society 5, no. 1 (March 2004):  4.

17. Michael Redclift, Chewing Gum:  The Fortunes of Taste, 41, 42.

18. Daniel J. Robinson, “Marketing Gum, Making Meanings:  Wrigley in North America, 1890-1930,” 6.

19. Michael Redclift, Chewing Gum:  The Fortunes of Taste, 122.

20. Joseph Gustaitis, “The sticky history of chewing gum.”

21. Robert Hendrickson, “Since 1928 it’s been boom and bust with bubble gum,” Smithsonian 21, no. 4 (1990):  74-83.  (Viewed in HTML format) ; Michael Redclift, Chewing Gum:  The Fortunes of Taste, 121.

22. Daniel J. Robinson, “Marketing Gum, Making Meanings:  Wrigley in North America, 1890-1930,” 31.

23. Wrigley Canada, Toronto, Company Records, File:  History, 1910s. (found in Daniel J. Robinson, “Marketing Gum, Making Meanings:  Wrigley in North America, 1890-1930,” 5.)

24. Ibid, 23.  

25. Jennifer P. Matthews, Chicle:  The Chewing Gum of the Americas, From the Ancient Maya to William Wrigley, 62.

26. Michael Redclift, Chewing Gum:  The Fortunes of Taste, 132.

27. Jennifer P. Matthews, Chicle:  The Chewing Gum of the Americas, From the Ancient Maya to William Wrigley, 60.

28. Ibid, 66.

29. Robert Hendrickson, “Since 1928 it’s been boom and bust with bubble gum.”

30. Jennifer P. Matthews, Chicle:  The Chewing Gum of the Americas, From the Ancient Maya to William Wrigley, 63.

31. Michael Redclift, Chewing Gum:  The Fortunes of Taste, 124.

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